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May 3, 2024

What Causes White Spots on Baby Teeth?

Someone holding a magnifying glass and toothbrush up to a child's mouth

Dental health is an important aspect of our children's childhood growth, and as parents, we prioritize our children's general well-being. Starting good oral hygiene habits at a young age does double duty: it protects teeth from decay and cavities and sets the stage for a lifetime of beautiful smiles.  

In this post, we will discuss the value of preventative dental care, the symptoms that should alert you to potential problems, and some simple things you can do at home to keep your teeth and gums clean.

Why do infants' teeth sometimes develop white spots?

For any parent, the sight of a white spot on a newborn tooth can be a cause for concern. Several things can lead to these spots:

  1. Teeth might look white and occasionally rough due to enamel hypoplasia, a disorder marked by a decreased quantity of enamel. Inadequate nutrition, premature birth, or diseases that affect tooth growth are also potential causes.
  1. Too much fluoride in the diet while teeth are still developing causes a condition known as dental fluorosis. Although fluoride has many health benefits, an excess of it can lead to unsightly changes, such as discolouration of the teeth.
  1. White spots, especially around the gumline, may be an early indicator of tooth decay due to the acids produced by bacterial plaque.

Calcium deposits are normal and usually harmless byproducts of the tooth-forming process.

Why It is Beneficial to See a Dentist Early On

Regular dental checkups should start at a young age. Around six months after the first tooth erupts, is when most children should begin seeing a dentist regularly. Making regular dental checkups a part of a child's routine helps them feel more at ease during exams and sets the stage for a lifetime of good oral health.

Timely identification of any dental concern is crucial. If you notice any white areas, it could be a sign of fluorosis or early deterioration. Being aware of these symptoms aids in avoiding more significant problems. If left untreated, these first signs might develop into cavities, which are identified in many ways but can also be diagnosed by a change in colour to brown or yellow.

The Function of Fluoride

Enamel strength and decay prevention are both greatly enhanced by fluoride. The prevention of fluorosis, however, necessitates careful management of fluoride exposure. The CDA suggests that toddlers begin using fluoride toothpaste around the age of 2.

Guidelines for Proper Oral Hygiene Practices in Children

A child's oral health is important, so here are some things you can do:

  • Fluoride toothpaste should be used for brushing twice a day.  
  • A pea-sized amount is suitable for children ages three to six, while a rice-sized amount is suggested for younger children.
  • Steer clear of sugary beverages and snacks. You should eat a balanced diet full of veggies and fruits.  
  • Stay hydrated with consuming water as your main beverage intake
  • Set a positive example for your children by brushing and flossing regularly.

At Dental Image Therapy Centres, we're committed to helping your child maintain a healthy and radiant smile. By instilling proper dental habits, recognizing early signs of dental issues, and adhering to a thorough oral hygiene routine, you can safeguard your child's dental health.  

Remember, consistent preventative care is key to avoiding future dental problems. To book your little one's next dental appointment or for any questions, please contact either of our Winnipeg locations in Garden City and St. Vital.  

Book Your Next Dental Appointment Today

Maybe it's time for your and your family's regular checkup and cleaning, you have a toothache or you need to get your treatment plan going - whatever the reason, we're here to help you get your confident smile. Whether you're a new patient or a returning friend, we can't wait to see you at your next appointment at either of our Winnipeg clinics!

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